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Aleppo Pepper

Aleppo pepper, a mild to medium-heat chili from the ancient Syrian city of Aleppo, is celebrated for its unique cumin-like flavor with sweet and smoky undertones, perfect for enhancing a wide range of dishes.


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Aleppo Pepper Seeds

The Aleppo pepper is a cherished spice that comes straight from the heart of Syrian cuisine. Grown in the sun-drenched fields around the ancient city of Aleppo, these peppers are celebrated for their moderate heat and unique flavor profile that combines the warmth of cumin with a hint of cherry-like sweetness and a mild smokiness. Our Aleppo pepper seeds will allow you to grow these versatile and delicious peppers right in your own garden.

Once harvested, they can be dried and crushed to add a depth of flavor to any dish. Whether you’re a seasoned chef or just love to add a bit of spice to your meals, Aleppo peppers offer the perfect blend of heat and flavor to enhance your culinary creations.

Flavor and Heat

The Aleppo pepper brings a unique flavor to the table that’s hard to find in other chilies. It’s got mild to medium heat, so it won’t set your mouth on fire, but it still gives a nice warm kick. The taste is something special – a bit like cumin, slightly sweet like cherries, and with a gentle smoky touch. This makes it a favorite for adding a bit of zest without overpowering your food. Expect around 10K SHU for this chili, roughly twice the heat of a jalapeno.

Uses of the Aleppo pepper

When it comes to using Aleppo peppers, you’ve got lots of options. Crushed up, they’re great on meats, giving a spicy twist without being too hot. They work just as well in veggie dishes, like giving roasted veggies an extra zing or spicing up salads. Aleppo pepper is also great for simple things, like shaking over a pizza or stirring into pasta sauce. In Middle Eastern cooking, it’s often used in dips like hummus or to add depth to spice mixes. The pepper’s warmth and rich flavor are perfect for adding a special something to a whole range of meals.

History of the Aleppo Peppers (and other peppers that developed acclaim outside of the new world)

Being a history teacher, I take exceptional joy when discussing a pepper with a rich history. Why do we have so many peppers that claim to be from China, Middle East, and other non New World places? (Think: Shishito, Zou Pi, Hungarian Paprika, and Malawi Piquante)

The journey of the chili pepper to Aleppo and the Middle East is a fascinating tale of global trade and cultural exchange. After Christopher Columbus brought chili peppers back to Europe from the Americas in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, they quickly spread to other parts of the world.

The spread of chili peppers to the Middle East, including Aleppo, can be attributed to several factors:

  • Trade Routes – The Ottoman Empire played a significant role in the spread of the chili pepper. As a powerful entity with extensive trade networks, the Ottomans facilitated the introduction of many New World crops, including chili peppers, to the Middle East and surrounding regions.


  • Portuguese and Spanish Traders – The Portuguese and Spanish, who were among the first Europeans to explore and establish trade routes by sea, were instrumental in distributing chili peppers globally. They brought these spices to their trade posts and colonies in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.


  • Silk Road and Spice Trade – The historic Silk Road and other overland trade routes also contributed to the spread of various spices, including chili peppers. Merchants and travelers carried these new and exotic items across continents, introducing them to different cultures and cuisines.


  • Adaptation and Cultivation- Once introduced to the Middle East, chili peppers were quickly adopted into local agriculture and cuisine. The warm and arid climates of regions like Aleppo were suitable for growing these plants. Over time, specific varieties like the Aleppo pepper were developed, becoming integral to local culinary traditions.

Through these processes, chili peppers became a staple in Middle Eastern cooking, contributing to the rich flavors and spices that characterize the region’s cuisine.

The Aleppo pepper has a rich history rooted in the ancient city of Aleppo in Syria, a region renowned for its culinary heritage. For centuries, this pepper has been a staple in Middle Eastern cuisine, valued for its unique flavor and moderate heat. The traditional methods of sun-drying and crushing the peppers have been passed down through generations, preserving the distinct taste that makes Aleppo pepper a sought-after spice worldwide.

Its name and fame are tied closely to the city of Aleppo, reflecting the region’s agricultural and cultural significance. Unfortunately, due to recent conflicts in Syria, the production and availability of authentic Aleppo pepper have been affected, leading to increased interest and cultivation of these peppers in other parts of the world.


Growing Aleppo peppers can be a rewarding experience for any gardener. These peppers prefer warm, sunny climates and well-draining soil. Start by planting the seeds indoors, about 8-10 weeks before the last frost date. Once the seedlings are strong enough and the danger of frost has passed, transplant them outdoors in a sunny spot. These plants need regular watering, but be careful not to overwater as this can lead to root rot.

Aleppo peppers typically have a longer growing season, so patience is key. They start off as green peppers and gradually turn a deep red as they ripen. Once they reach this stage, you can harvest them and either use them fresh or dry them to make the traditional crushed Aleppo pepper flakes. With proper care, your plants will produce a bountiful supply of these flavorful peppers.




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